Write a short note on democracy Shona Khurana Advertisements: Many countries have democratic governments now.
|Problems of Size||Jump to navigation Jump to search Indirect democracy, or representative democracy, is when citizens elect representatives to make laws for them. Elections may be won by plurality or majority or some other way.|
|Indirect democracy - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia||Representative government, or the "republican form," as it is also known, has been widely accepted as the only practicable form of democracy. In America, the acceptance of representative government as a legitimate democratic form has long-standing roots.|
|Representative democracy - Wikipedia||Representative Democracy Yes because|
|India follows the system of representative democracy. This means that people elect their representatives to power to run the government for them.|
The power of representatives is usually curtailed by a constitution as in a constitutional democracy or a constitutional monarchy or other measures to balance representative power: The constitution may also provide for some deliberative democracy e.
However, these are not always binding and usually require some legislative action—legal power usually remains firmly with representatives.
Theorists such as Edmund Burke believe that part of the duty of a representative was not simply to communicate the wishes of the electorate but also to use their own judgement in the exercise of their powers, even if their views are not reflective of those of a majority of voters: Their wishes ought to have great weight with him; their opinion, high respect; their business, unremitted attention.
It is his duty to sacrifice his repose, his pleasures, his satisfactions, to theirs; and above all, ever, and in all cases, to prefer their interest to his own. But his unbiassed opinion, his mature judgment, his enlightened conscience, he ought not to sacrifice to you, to any man, or to any set of men living.
These he does not derive from your pleasure; no, nor from the law and the constitution. They are a trust from Providence, for the abuse of which he is deeply answerable. Your representative owes you, not his industry only, but his judgment; and he betrays, instead of serving you, if he sacrifices it to your opinion.
Democratization The Roman Republic was the first known government in the western world to have a representative government, despite taking the form of a direct government in the Roman assemblies.
In Britain, Simon de Montfort is remembered as one of the fathers of representative government for holding two famous parliaments.
Senators were not directly elected by the people until the adoption of the Seventeenth Amendment in Women, men who owned no property, and blacks, and others not originally given voting rights in most states eventually gained the vote through changes in state and federal law in the course of the 19th and 20th centuries.
Until it was repealed by the Fourteenth Amendment following the Civil Warthe Three-Fifths Compromise gave a disproportionate representation of slave states in the House of Representatives relative to the voters in free states.
As noted above, Edmund Burke in his speech to the electors of Bristol classically analysed their operation in Britain and the rights and duties of an elected representative. Research on representation per se[ edit ] Further information: Representation politics Separate but related, and very large, bodies of research in political philosophy and social science investigate how and how well elected representatives, such as legislators, represent the interests or preferences of one or another constituency.
Criticisms[ edit ] In his book Political Partieswritten inRobert Michels argues that most representative systems deteriorate towards an oligarchy or particracy.
This is known as the iron law of oligarchy. Society has to be built up from bottom to top. As a consequence, society is built up by people, who are free and have the power to defend themselves with weapons. These free people join or form local communities. These local communities are independent, which includes financial independence, and they are free to determine their own rules.A common term that is used interchangeably with indirect democracy is a representative democracy.
Indirect democracy is usually contrasted with direct democracy. In direct democracy, people. Simply put, a representative democracy is a system of government in which all eligible citizens vote on representatives to pass laws for them.
A perfect example is the U.S., where we elect a. Representative democracy or indirect democracy is when people choose to vote for who will represent them in a parliament.
This is the most common form of democracy found across the world. Its emphasis lies on protecting the rights of not only the majority of the people in the state, but also the minorities. In this paper, democracy is referred to the liberal democracy which is the broadest accepted form of democracy (Heywood, ).
Liberal democracy is a form of indirect, representative democracy and is based on competitive election. Direct democracy would lead to better decision-making than we get under representative democracy. Elected politicians are almost all well-off professionals with little experience of life for ordinary people.
Indirect democracy, or representative democracy, is when citizens elect representatives to make laws for them. This is what most modern countries have today. In many representative democracies (Canada, the USA, India, etc.) representatives are chosen in elections.