India Table of Contents Varna, Caste, and Other Divisions Although many other nations are characterized by social inequality, perhaps nowhere else in the world has inequality been so elaborately constructed as in the Indian institution of caste. Caste has long existed in India, but in the modern period it has been severely criticized by both Indian and foreign observers. Although some educated Indians tell non-Indians that caste has been abolished or that "no one pays attention to caste anymore," such statements do not reflect reality. Caste has undergone significant change since independence, but it still involves hundreds of millions of people.
Essay on Women Empowerment in India Article shared by: Essay on Women Empowerment in India! The subject of empowerment of women has becoming a burning issue all over the world including India since last few decades.
Many agencies of United Nations in their reports have emphasized that gender issue is to be given utmost priority.
It is held that women now cannot be asked to wait for any more for equality. Inequalities between men and women and discrimination against women have also been age-old issues all over the world.
What exists for men is demanded by women? They have demanded equality with men in matters of education, employment, inheritance, marriage, politics and recently in the field of religion also to serve as cleric in Hinduism and Islam.
Women want to have for themselves the same strategies of change which menfolk have had over the centuries such as equal pay for equal work.
The position and status of women all over the world has risen incredibly in the 20th century. For a long time women in India remained within the four walls of their household. Their dependence on menfolk was total.
A long struggle going back over a century has brought women the property rights, voting rights, an equality in civil rights before the law in matters of marriage and employment in India women had not to struggle for voting rights as we find in other countries.
In addition to the above rights, in India, the customs of purdha veil systemfemale infanticide, child marriage, sati system self-immolation by the women with their husbandsdowry system and the state of permanent widowhood were either totally removed or checked to an appreciable extent after independence through legislative measures.
Two Acts have also been enacted to emancipate women in India. The Domestic Violence Act recognizes that abuse be physical as well as mental. Anything that makes a woman feel inferior and takes away her self-respect is abuse.
It would help the innumerable women in the country who get abandoned by their husbands and have no means of proving their marital status. It would also help check child marriages, bigamy and polygamy, enable women to seek maintenance and custody of their children and widows can claim inheritance rights.
The Act is applicable on all women irrespective of caste, creed or religion. It would truly empower Indian women to exercise their rights.
To what extent legislative measures have been able to raise the status of women in India?
We all know that girls are now doing better at school than boys. The annual results of Secondary and Higher Secondary Board examinations reveal this fact. More women are getting degrees than men, and are filling most new jobs in every field. Since the last quarter of the 20th century and more so after the opening up of die economy, post, a growing number of women have been entering into the economic field, seeking paid work remunerative jobs outside the family.Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
Broadly defined, it was a way of structuring society around relationships derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labour. enhance the capacity of the work team to function safely and effectively. Activists disrupt Hindu supremacist conclave in Chicago, evoke violent reaction from extremists.
Anti-fascists slogans call for a stop to Hindu fascism during plenary session of World Hindu Congress. a figment of the intolerant pride of the Brahman, rests upon a foundation of fact which scientific methods confirm, that it has shaped the intricate grouping of the caste system, and has preserved the Aryan type in comparative purity throughout Northern India.
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The topics . India Table of Contents Varna, Caste, and Other Divisions. Although many other nations are characterized by social inequality, perhaps nowhere else in the world has inequality been so elaborately constructed as in the Indian institution of caste.