Gender disparity[ edit ] Although the literacy rate and the number of girls graduating from primary school in Cambodia are increasing, the number of girls who drop out from secondary education is much higher than the number of boys. The trade-off between school participation and economic activity increases as the child gets older and this trend is particularly prevalent among girls. This left around 3. The situation is even worse when it comes to technical and vocational trainingwhere the number of enrolled students aged between 14 and 20 barely accounts for 2 per cent of this population segment.
In Cambodia, an education system has been in place since at least from the thirteenth century on.
Traditionally, Cambodian education took place in the Wats Buddhist monasteries and was offered exclusively to the male population. The education involved basic literature, the foundation of religion and skills for daily life like carpentry, artistry, craftwork, constructing, playing instruments etc.
The French introduced a formal education system influenced by a Western educational model, which was developed through the independence period salongside with the traditional education.
During the following civil wars, the education system suffered a chronic crisis and was completely destroyed during the Red Khmer regime s. This means 12 years for the completion of general education that divides up into six years for primary education grade 1 to 6 and six years for secondary general education grade 7 to Secondary education consists of three years each for lower secondary education grade 7 to 9 and upper secondary education grade 10 to This formulation does not include at least one year for pre-school education kindergarten for children from 3 to below 6 years old and universitary education of 4 to 5 years.
Two others components of Cambodian educational structure involve non-formal education providing all children, youth, adult, disabled people with literacy and access to life skills. The other component is teacher training education. This allows students that successfully completed grade 12 or grade 9 to pursue teacher certificates at provincial teacher training colleges for primary school teachers or regional teacher training centers for lower secondary school teachers.
Currently, the educational system is run by the Cambodian state, but private education exists at all levels and is run by private sectors. Most private schools offering pre-school education and general education have been operated by the communities of ethnic and religious minority including Chinese, Muslim, French, English and Vietnamese.
Private higher education is accessible mainly in the capital of the country, but it is also available throughout the provinces of Cambodia.
Cambodian general education is based on a national school curriculum that consists of two main parts: Basic education curriculum is divided into three cycles of three years each.
The first cycle grade consists of lessons per week lasting 40 minutes which are allocated to the five main subjects: The third cycle grade consists of lessons which are allocated for 7 major subjects: The curriculum for the first phase grade 10 is identical to the third cycle of primary education see above.
The second phase grade has two main components: Compulsory involves four major subjects with different numbers of lesson allocated per week: English or French must choose one, 4 lessons each and Mathematics: Basic or Advance must choose one, 4 or 8 lesson respectively.
Electives include three major subjects covering four or five sub-subjects with four lessons allocated per week for each one students may choose one or two or three of them:This chapter reviews the literature about environmental education in schools internationally and in Cambodia as well which is emphasizing on the important roles of teachers in primary school from grade 4 to grade 6 they believe in the environmental issues.
The Current Issues of Education in Cambodia Education plays really of import function in the society. One state can be developed based significantly on the assortment of Human resources. During , Prime Minister Hun Sen and his ruling Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) significantly escalated persecution on political grounds, targeting Cambodia’s political opposition, human.
The Golden Leaf Education Foundation based out of Portland, Oregon, is a Cambodian community and organization dedicated to the education of youth in Cambodia. Some of these members escaped the Khmer Rouge massacres. Cambodia’s quality of education relating to teacher qualifications, effective teaching methods, school management and community involvement reduces incentives for children to stay in school and limits the impacts of learning once they are there.
Lack of water and. Cambodia is known internationally as a success story of educational reconstruction and transformation following the Khmer Rouge’s rule in the s when much of the country’s education .