The early Archaic period The post-Mycenaean period and Lefkandi The period between the catastrophic end of the Mycenaean civilization and about bce is often called a Dark Age. It was a time about which Greeks of the Classical age had confused and actually false notions. Thucydidesthe great ancient historian of the 5th century bce, wrote a sketch of Greek history from the Trojan War to his own day, in which he notoriously fails, in the appropriate chapter, to signal any kind of dramatic rupture.
Geography[ edit ] The mainland and islands of Greece are very rocky, with deeply indented coastline, and rugged mountain ranges with few substantial forests.
The most freely available building material is stone. Limestone was readily available and easily worked. This finely grained material was a major contributing factor to precision of detail, both architectural and sculptural, that adorned ancient Greek architecture.
It was used not only for pottery vessels, but also roof tiles and architectural decoration. This led to a lifestyle where many activities took place outdoors. Hence temples were placed on hilltops, their exteriors designed as a visual focus of gatherings and processions, while theatres were often an enhancement of a naturally occurring sloping site where people could sit, rather than a containing structure.
Colonnades encircling buildings, or surrounding courtyards provided shelter from the sun and from sudden winter storms. The light is often extremely bright, with both the sky and the sea vividly blue.
The clear light and sharp shadows give a precision to the details of landscape, pale rocky outcrops and seashore.
|The Greek Influence On Rome | Greek Reporter Europe||Creation of law, development of democratic government practices, influences in language, literature, art, infrastructure, and city-planning are all areas where the influences of Roman ideas can be seen.|
|Roman Influences||Continue reading for more on each of these contributions by ancient Greece.|
|PASIPHAE - Greek Goddess & Witch-Queen of Crete||Architecture of Ancient Rome Roman architecture, even more than the rest of Roman artreflected the practical character, restless energy and organizational mindset of its creators. As the Roman Empire expanded to engulf not only the Mediterranean region but also large areas of Western Europe, Roman architects struggled to achieve two overriding aims:|
This clarity is alternated with periods of haze that varies in colour to the light on it. In this characteristic environment, the ancient Greek architects constructed buildings that were marked by precision of detail.
The rugged indented coastline at RhamnousAttica The Theatre and Temple of Apollo in mountainous country at Delphi The Acropolis, Athensis high above the city on a natural prominence. During the later Hellenistic period, Greek culture spread widely, initially as a result of Alexander's conquest of other lands, and later as a result of the rise of the Roman Empire, which adopted much of Greek culture.
Minoan is the name given by modern historians to the culture of the people of ancient Creteknown for its elaborate and richly decorated palaces, and for its pottery painted with floral and marine motifs. The Mycenaean culture, which flourished on the Peloponnesuswas quite different in character.
Its people built citadels, fortifications and tombs rather than palaces, and decorated their pottery with bands of marching soldiers rather than octopus and seaweed. Both these civilizations came to an end around BC, that of Crete possibly because of volcanic devastation, and that of Mycenae because of an invasion by the Dorian people who lived on the Greek mainland.
This period is thus often referred to as a Dark Age.
Already at this period it is created with a sense of proportion, symmetry and balance not apparent in similar pottery from Crete and Mycenae. The decoration is precisely geometric, and ordered neatly into zones on defined areas of each vessel. These qualities were to manifest themselves not only through a millennium of Greek pottery making, but also in the architecture that was to emerge in the 6th century.Additionally, Roman influences have had considerable importance in the spread of Christianity.
One important area of influence was Roman law. The first law code in Roman history was the Law of the Twelve Tables, the precursor to the development of Roman law. Byzantine Rome and the Greek Popes: Eastern Influences on Rome and the Papacy from Gregory the Great to Zacharias, A.D. (Roman Studies: Interdisciplinary Approaches).
Influences of Greek and Roman Mythology There are many influences that the Greek and Roman’s belief in polytheism that affect today’s cultures and beliefs. Their beliefs are so ancient that they date back to the Roman Empire. In Greek mythology Pasiphae was an immortal daughter of the sun-god Helius and a skilled practitioner of witchcraft.
She married King Minos of Crete and bore him a number of sons and daughters. As punishment for some offence against the gods--committed either by herself or her husband--Pasiphae was cursed with lust for the king's finest bull. Roman Characteristics. Mighty Rome!
Conqueror of Gaul and Carthage, of Greece and Egypt, mistress of the Western world through six centuries, capital of the mighty Caesars, unchallenged home of grandeur, spectacle, and magnificence, splendid with the art plundered from a hundred enslaved peoples, giver of laws and morals and military science to all the West.
Religion. The ancient Greeks were a deeply religious people. They worshipped many gods whom they believed appeared in human form and yet were endowed with superhuman strength and ageless beauty.