Applications[ edit ] For example, a sociolinguist might determine through study of social attitudes that a particular vernacular would not be considered appropriate language use in a business or professional setting. Sociolinguists might also study the grammarphoneticsvocabularyand other aspects of this sociolect much as dialectologists would study the same for a regional dialect. The study of language variation is concerned with social constraints determining language in its contextual environment. Code-switching is the term given to the use of different varieties of language in different social situations.
World Regional Geography. This document was last updated on 11 April (Ver. ) Five Geography Themes and National Standards Page. Geography and Sociolinguistic Characteristic of the Carribean Essay Sample. According to Baptiste () the thing which is very important and helpful in understanding the Caribbean English and where that language comes from is studying the history, geography and sociolinguistics of the Caribbean. Variation is a characteristic of language: Sociolinguistic variables. Studies in the field of sociolinguistics typically take a sample population and interview them, assessing the realisation of certain sociolinguistic variables. Labov specifies the ideal sociolinguistic variable to Association with geography. A .
Sociolinguistic variables[ edit ] Studies in the field of sociolinguistics typically take a sample population and interview them, assessing the realisation of certain sociolinguistic variables. Labov specifies the ideal sociolinguistic variable to be high in frequency, have a certain immunity from conscious suppression, be an integral part of larger structures, and be easily quantified on a linear scale.
Examples for phonetic variables are: An example of a morphosyntactic variable is the frequency of negative concord known colloquially as a double negative. Analysis and methodology[ edit ] Analyzing sociolinguistic variation often involves the use of statistical programs to handle its multi-variable nature.
One essential part of the methodology is to count up the number of tokens of a particular variant and compare it to the number of times the variant could have occurred. This is called the "Principle of Accountability" in Tagliamonte Comparing the tokens to the total number of words in a corpus or comparing one corpus to another leads to erroneous results.
One example of subgroup vernacular is the speech of street youth. Just as street youth dress differently from the "norm", they also often have their own "language". The reasons for this are the following: Age-graded variation is a stable variation which varies within a population based on age.
That is, speakers of a particular age will use a specific linguistic form in successive generations.
This is relatively rare. Chambers cites an example from southern Ontario, Canada where the name of the letter 'Z' varies. This is hypothesized  to be tied to an American children's song frequently used to teach the alphabet.
In this song, the rhyme scheme matches the letter Z with V 'vee', prompting the use of the American pronunciation. As the individual grows older, this marked form 'zee' is dropped in favor of the standard form 'zed'. So, in the case of linguistic change in progress, one would expect to see variation over a broader range of ages.
William Bright provides an example taken from American English, where in certain parts of the country there is an ongoing merger of the vowel sounds in such pairs of words as 'caught' and 'cot'.
This is the basis of the apparent-time hypothesis where age-based variation is taken as an indication of linguistic change in progress. Association with geography[ edit ] Main article: Dialectology A commonly studied source of variation is regional dialects.
Dialectology studies variations in language based primarily on geographic distribution and their associated features.
Sociolinguists concerned with grammatical and phonological features that correspond to regional areas are often called dialectologists.
Association with gender[ edit ] Main article: Language and gender Men and women, on average, tend to use slightly different language styles. These differences tend to be quantitative rather than qualitative. That is, to say that women use a particular speaking style more than men do is akin to saying that men are taller than women i.
The initial identification of a women's register was by Robin Lakoff inwho argued that the style of language served to maintain women's inferior role in society "female deficit approach".
More recently, Deborah Tannen has compared gender differences in language as more similar to 'cultural' differences "cultural difference approach". Comparing conversational goals, she argued that men have a report style, aiming to communicate factual information, whereas women have a rapport style, more concerned with building and maintaining relationships.
Thus, in a mixed-gender group, gender differences tend to be less pronounced. A similarly important observation is that this accommodation is usually towards the language style, not the gender of the person.
That is, a polite and empathic male will tend to be accommodated to on the basis of their being polite and empathic, rather than their being male. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.
This variation helps inform much about the origins and evolution of other varieties, especially African American English.
In December the Ebonics Controversy erupted from the Oakland School Board's resolution to identify Ebonics as the first language of African American students and take it into account in their Language Arts lessons[ citation needed ]. There have been many different perspectives[ vague ] to engaging with African American English as a variety.
Although there is some evidence that linguistically sensitive approaches are helpful, there are gaps in and questions about these approaches which require new research[ citation needed ].
However, AAE is a rule-governed, valid language variety that adequately and uniquely expresses the collective experiences of its speakers.
However, this assumption neglects Asian Americans who are less fortunate and may experience poverty. Therefore, research on Asian American speech is often homogenized because of racial homogenization.tranceformingnlp.com → Geography and Sociolinguistic Characteristic of the Carribean, Essay Example → Sociolinguistic interview example essay Pages 8 You must login or register to post a reply.
Studies in the field of sociolinguistics typically take a sample population and interview them, assessing the realisation of certain sociolinguistic variables. A commonly studied source . tranceformingnlp.com is a physical characteristics in geography?
(natural features such as mountains, rivers, bodies of water, etc.) Answers may vary. tranceformingnlp.com is a human characteristic in geography? Viewed as the founder of variationist sociolinguistics, Labov established modern methodologies for collecting and analyzing data from language in use and was a leader in applying sociolinguistic research to address educational challenges.
Geographic characteristics are divided into two categories: physical characteristics and human characteristics. Physical characteristics describe the natural environment of the place.
Variation is a characteristic of language: Sociolinguistic variables. Studies in the field of sociolinguistics typically take a sample population and interview them, assessing the realisation of certain sociolinguistic variables. Labov specifies the ideal sociolinguistic variable to Association with geography.